The Arava Institute is home to cutting-edge research in a number of interrelated fields of environmental concern from a trans-boundary context. Gathering leading regional and international experts who collaborate with its scientists, the Arava Institute is the premier institution for multidisciplinary environmental research in the region. The Research Department is divided into self-supporting projects that are headed by a faculty member with teams of research fellows providing critical support in a number of areas. Most research projects also support research of graduate students enrolled at the Institute. Generally interdisciplinary in nature, research projects integrate natural and social sciences to examine a range of environmental issues.