The Center for Sustainable Agriculture (CSA), directed by Dr. Elaine Solowey and Yair Wahle, is a vital player in the field of desert agriculture and sustainable agriculture in the Middle East and the world. Dedicated to the investigation and preservation of arid lands and their natural resources, the CSA works collaboratively with leading academic institutions in the region.
Dr. Solowey’s research began in the Experimental Orchards at Kibbutz Ketura, first planted in 1975. Today this research is the foundation for important new applications in botanical medicine, crop development, conservation, and sustainable agriculture. Her work covers a wide range of subjects including the study of endangered medicinal herbs, the search for crops that can be grown in arid and saline soil, and the propagation of local endangered plants not only to protect their population, but also to investigate their preferred conditions and potential values, such as medicine.
In 2015, the Israel Nature and Parks Authority recognized the Experimental Orchards as a shelter garden for endangered plant species.
RESEARCH PROJECTS INCLUDE:
In collaboration with the Keren Kolot tourism program of Kibbutz Ketura, this conservation garden will promote education, tourism, and desert agriculture by creating an oasis of diverse species of local, biblical, and international origin.
The research aims to understand the tree’s physiology, fruiting and flowering cycles, genetics, propagation, soil needs, and general environment that support the tree’s flourishing.
A few species of incense trees were studied to understand medicinal properties and conservation of native species; these species also hold a strong cultural value relating to their use in the Bible.