Some 16 streams in Israel are transboundary in nature i.e.: shared between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, with roughly two-thirds originating in Palestinian territory, moving across Israel and emptying into the Mediterranean Sea to the west. The difficulties in Israeli-Palestinian cooperation result in persistently high levels of pollution in the environmental conditions of these waterways. This lack of cooperation precludes the agricultural, recreational and ecological uses of the streams.
The main objective of this research is to lay the foundation for effective stream restoration for the region’s transboundary streams by promoting and implementing the concept of transboundary watershed management. This project seeks to place the need for a transboundary approach to watershed management at the forefront of Israeli and Palestinian water policy.
In collaboration with the Department of Geography at Ben-Gurion University and the Besor-Shiqma River Authority and with support from the JNF Parsons Water Fund, Arava Institute researchers have begun to establish a joint effort to determine the water quality and construct three advanced hydrological monitoring stations to collect data along the Hebron-Be’er Sheva-Besor stream. In addition to this analysis of the physical aspects of the watershed, Arava Institute researchers are also collecting socio-economic information for communities in the entire watershed, both Israeli and Palestinian communities.
Watch this video from 3:47 for an overview on the Besor stream restoration project!
For more details on the project, please view the project reports:
- Restoration of the Besor-Hebron-Be’er Sheva Stream – 1st year interim report (May-December 2012)
- Restoration of the Besor-Hebron-Be’er Sheva Stream – 2nd year interim report (January-August 2013)
- Restoration of the Besor-Hebron-Be’er Sheva Stream – 3rd year interim report (March 2013-June 2014)
- Restoration of the Besor-Hebron-Be’er Sheva Stream – 3rd year interim report annex
- Restoration of the Besor-Hebron-Be’er Sheva Stream – final report
Please visit svivati.org for environmental data on streams in Israel!